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history of development
A. First stage of Corinthian helmet
This helmet shape dates back to the time of the geometric cone helmet. The earliest examples are found in vase painting.
1 One-piece helmets
Two original helmets from the period have been found in Delphi and Olympia. The older, from Olympia, has a short nose shield. At the edge extending holes that were for rivets to attach the lining.
Often, the helmet was decorated with a horse's mane, which was mounted in the longitudinal or transverse directions and could be colored.
2 Two-piece helmets
A much simpler method of preparation was there when the helmet of two driven plates existed. This technique has its beginning in the cone helmets, and is later continued in the Illyrian helmets.
B. Second stage of the Corinthian helmet
In the first half of the 7th century, the Corinthian helmet to a fixed part of the Greek Hoplitenrüstung was. Gradually, whose shape was adapted to the physical conditions.
It developed simultaneously two kinds of side cutouts, the center moved on to the helmet: a flat neck with rounded corners, and a sharp gusset.
In the second half of the 7th century, changed the look of helmets, especially the front end. Grew the helmet forwards, the length of the forehead and the nose shield increased, it became heavier and more massive than the rear part.
C. Third stage of the Corinthian helmet
The shape of the helmet types traditions remained in the second half of the 6th century BC. Chr. Consist. There was only added to the Kalottenabsatz, who coined the genre of helmets to its end.
These helmets were made with very thin walls and due to the lower weight considerably advantageous due to the advanced metallurgical development.
To obtain a protective effect, led to the Scheitelgrat, and reinforced helmet with ridges, paragraphs and edge trims.
The Corinthian helmet was strongly adapted to the shape of the skull, and protected in the classical form, the v particularly in the 5th century. Chr. Was worn by hoplites in Greece, with umbrellas cheeks and nose shield a large part of the face. On numerous representations warriors to see who pushed out of combat helmet in the neck to have the face and thus the view completely free. Pictures, in which the helmet is folded in the middle of the fight up, stir from the artistic need to be able to represent the individual faces of the warriors.
Through the influence of the Greek colonies on the Italian coast came to the Corinthian helmet type to Italy. From Southern Italy variants of the so-called Apulian-Corinthian helmet (also Etrusco-Corinthian helmet) are known in which the cheeks screens are interconnected so that only a small opening for the eyes and below the nose piece remained free. So the helmet not for its original carrying fashion (ie the whole head covering) was suitable and more like a cap was worn on the head, similar to the above-mentioned back beaten supporting manner. The helmet was used as one of the most common types in the army of the Roman Republic.
In the 5th century BC. Chr. They often went on to versions that are not as closely plants at the top of the helmet shell at the head of what the protective effect increased. Man helmets used with round cutouts and a pointed side gusset. Also in the 5th century BC. Chr. Came to another type of helmet that left more of the face and thus enlarged the field of view and the breathing easier, the Chalcidic helmet. In the 4th century BC. Chr. These was replaced by Attic helmet.
In addition to this there were in the Hellenistic period the Piloshelm, the Boeotian helmet, and the Phrygian helmet.
The distribution of the Corinthian helmet
Even if you know that there are only 40 helmet finds
Other localities suggest that the Corinthian helmet was known throughout the Mediterranean. Finds from Egypt can be explained by the fact that mercenaries from Greece were recruited.
Unique Designer Helmet